The 2016 excavations at Durrington Walls uncovered a series of knapping scatters which provided the opportunity to attempt to refit the excavated flakes. This was done to determine if the scatters were in situ and to understand the reduction strategies (production methods) employed by people in the late Neolithic.
The refitting group of 7 flakes (animated above) were refitted by myself and fellow student Roo Whittaker. The flakes were found in a small discreet lithic scatter measuring approximately 40 x 50 cm containing around 64 flakes. The sequence resulted from an episode of in situ core reduction during the construction of the henge bank at Durrington Walls.
Over the course of the excavation a number of other refits were also identified, examples of which can be seen above and below, that were refitted by the author and others on the Durrington Walls team.
The 2016 excavations at Durrington Walls are part of a collaboration between the Stonehenge Riverside Project and the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project aimed at ‘ground truthing’ the enigmatic features identified on the results of a geophysical survey at the site. It involves archaeologists and students from institutions across Europe including the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute, National Trust, Universities of Bournemouth, Bradford, Birmingham, Vienna, UCL, Manchester and Southampton as well as specialists from other institutions and organisations.
More detail about the background to the site and blog posts from the excavation can be found on the National Trust’s FragmeNTs blog.